Frazione Primeglio

Address: Frazione Primeglio, 14020 Passerano Marmorito AT, Italia
Tel: 0141 903600

The village of Primeglio stands on a ridge 361 meters above sea level, surrounded by green forests and cultivated slopes.

On the top, next to each other, stand the Parish Church dedicated to S. Lorenzo and the Castle; at the entrance of the village there is a small and collected cemetery with a chapel and family tombs.

The natural history of Primeglio dates back to the time when the Po Valley was still submerged by the sea.

In fact, it is easy to find, along the paths in the woods, among the tufaceous banks, numerous finds, specimens of fossil shells and more.

Currently, it is part of the recently established “Naturalistic Area of ​​Muscandia”.

For more details on what concerns the fauna and flora of these places, you can consult the accurate research of Franco Correggia: Ambienti naturali, ecomosaici, e paesaggi culturali di un frammento di una campagna artigiana. Turin, 2008.

The Municipality of Primeglio has been mentioned in the chronicles since the twelfth century; later his social-political history was linked to that of Passerano and the Radicati family, from which the "Counts of Primeglio" branch, which still exists today, was born.

In more recent times, as an independent municipality with Schierano, in 1929 Primeglio was merged in Passerano, then under the province of Alessandria.

Subsequently, when the province of Asti was reconstituted on April 1, 1935, Passerano with its fractions was assigned to the latter. In those years it had more than 200 inhabitants and used its own services such as, for example, elementary school.

The church, dating from the seventeenth century, has a central nave with side arches; at the center of the façade stands the statue of the protector “S. Lorenzo”. Next to it stands the bell tower, originally Romanesque, raised and remodeled at the beginning of the twentieth century by parishioners who, by lending their work, also contributed to the construction of the parsonage, the loggia of the church and erection, in the center of the square, of the statue to Mary Help of Christians.

The Church, on the back side, is connected, through a Roman arch bridge, to the Castle in order to allow, to the nobles of the time, direct access to the church itself. The parsonage, having long been the parish without a prelate, left uninhabited, was initially rented and sold to a wine merchant for some years.

Castle, of uncertain date, remains property of the Radicati until the twenties, when it was given to a local entrepreneur who, in addition to restoring it, enlarged the left part, equipping it with a gallery, and modified the medieval tower in tower with Ghibelline merlons.

In the '50s it was sold to an American family, only to be sold to the current owner in the 80s. Currently, it is in excellent condition, with a well-kept park in which stands an ancient and majestic cedar of Lebanon.

The church of “La Madonnina” stands on the northwest edge of the village, where the crosses are also placed in memory of the fallen of the great war. Built by common will of the population in 1924, today it is in poor condition and needs restoration.

Outside the village, in the valley towards Passerano, in the locality of “Monasté”, once stood the church dedicated to San Michele; still in fair condition in the 60s, now it is reduced to a ruin and would require a revaluation, given the importance of the site. On the right side you can still see the remains of a tomb, that of the Marquise Benedetta d'Ovando y Pereyra who, at the time, had the church restored, dedicating her own sacellum. The altar, recovered, was placed in the church of “La Madonnina”.

There are three ovens for baking bread, one of which is found, half-buried but still identifiable, at the entrance to the village.

In the southwest valley, in the locality called “Old Mill”, you can find the ruins of a mill, operated by the waters of the Rio Muscandia, which remained active until the 40s.
The square called the “Fóssà” once received rainwater and served as a natural watering hole for livestock.

First around 70 residents, most born and remained here even in the crisis years. After a significant decline in population, emigrated to the search for work, now the village is recovering its original appearance thanks to those who have returned and the arrivals of citizens looking for more comfortable places. Currently, there is no commercial activity: the last one closed in the 80s.

The local Pro Loco, whose seat is domiciled in the former primary school, is very active and participated, especially in the occasion of annual festivals: the “festival of the lamb” in early May, and the patronal feast of S. Lorenzo in August.

In the village there is a farm whose products, which can be bought on site, are obtained from organic farming. In the tenth anniversary of his activity he was awarded with the Ospitalità Italiana brand by the Asti Chamber of Commerce.

His activity is also a workshop of more than fifty years of carpentry, specialized in frames, whose owner is the custodian of the ancient craft of craft furniture. For lovers of walks, the numerous paths between the rows of grapes or the shade of the woods lend themselves well.

If you want to lengthen the walk a little, in Merlina, you can still come across what remains of an ancient shrine erected to support a sulphurous water source, now reduced to a thin stream.

See also...

• Events in Passerano Marmorito

• Passerano Marmorito tourist guide

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